Hard water is water that contains high levels of minerals such as magnesium, calcium, and manganese. If the shampoo or soap does not form lather easily, bathtub has something like a ring, dishes are spotted and the coffee maker has build up of scale, then there are high chances that there are hard water problems in that home. As much as these minerals are naturally occurring and have minimal effects on health, they can prove to be quite problematic on plumbing fixtures and other water related appliances.
Solving hard water problems
The only solution to getting rid of hard water problems is to remove the magnesium and calcium that are in water. Although there are chemical methods to deal with this, the best and most efficient method is using water softeners. A water softener is a piece of equipment that is attached to the plumbing system in a home. Almost all water softeners apply the same principle of exchanging the minerals with a substance mostly sodium.
Types of water softeners
The most common type of water softener used is the ion-exchange unit, read more about the best water softener reviews over at http://www.watersoftenerguy.com. These are used in most of the homes since they are affordable, easy to use and can be integrated into almost any type of plumbing fixtures. However, there are other designs and technologies available and it is important to understand the differences.
Salt based ion exchange water softeners
This technology uses two tanks to cycle household water. One tank is fitted with special resin beads and the other tank is filled with brine. It applies the principle of ion exchange. The water is softened through substitution of hard minerals with salt.
Salt free water softeners
Instead of using sodium, these water softeners regenerate using a substitute of potassium chloride salt. People worried about salt intake should opt for these water softeners. It is not a typical water softener but more of a descaler. It prevents hard water minerals from depositing as scale to water related appliances. However, it is not a very effective method as compared to conventional water softeners.
Dual tank water softeners
When recharging a water softener, it disconnects from the system of water to the house. Therefore, no water is processed at this time. These processes are normally set to happen at night when there is very minimal usage of water. If soft water is required during the regeneration period, then it can become a problem. Large families or people living in areas with high concentration of hard water should consider investing in a dual tank unit of water softening. This has two resin tanks. These tanks ensure that water softening is happening round the clock and there can be no shortage of soft water.
Magnetic water softeners
Also called descalers, this is a plug in device that is attached onto the pipe supplying the household from the municipal water. It works through creation of an electro-magnetic field on the calcium carbonate minerals. When this happens, they repel each other and the pipes. Therefore, there will be no build up of scale in the plumbing fixtures.
A water softener will help to keep water soft and clean. There will be no damage to the water related appliances or build up of scale. A person should therefore choose the most appropriate depending on their demand for clean and soft water.
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